This unexpected plan will be officially discussed in May 2018 by senior officials in the framework of the International Conference on Advanced Technology in Materials Production and Technology (ATMME). based in Harbin, the capital city of Heilongjiang province.
The initiative to merge the two separate systems was the result of a proposal by the Chinese government to the Russian Federal Space Agency Roscosmos. It is expected to create a global global navigation satellite system consisting of countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization including China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India and Pakistan.
The new system will allow partners to share data on the location of navigation satellite groups, improve productivity in real-time environments and communicate changes as needed. At the same time, Russia’s GLONASS could significantly expand its user base.
“If the project is implemented, it will allow for improved accuracy for both systems,” said Roscosmos. If successful, the project would divide the whole world into two regions affected by two GLONASS-Bishops united states and GPS-Galileo, operated by the United States. and the European Union.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), the world’s first global navigation satellite system, began operation in 1978 to provide location information and navigation to missile and submarine submarines. This system is also used for hydrographic and geodetic surveys of the United States military. This system was opened for civil and commercial use in 1994. Currently, GPS is widely used in military.
Meanwhile, the Russian GLONASS was launched in 1993. The navigation system has 27 satellites in orbit and all operate. It is operated by the Russian Space Forces and is currently the second alternative navigation system.
Galileo is Europe’s global navigation system, available for civil and commercial use. This is a joint project of the European Space Agency and the European GNSS Agency. Currently, 22 satellites operate out of 30 forecasts. Galileo will start operating in 2016 and is expected to achieve full operational capability by 2020.
China’s Big Dipper system was put into operation in 2000 with limited coverage and navigation services provided mainly to users in China and neighboring areas. The system currently has a total of 22 satellites in orbit and constellation. It is expected that this system will work with higher capacity when there are enough 35 satellites.
Japan and India are also developing their regional satellite navigation systems. The Quasi-Zenith Japan Satellite System (QZSS) is currently under construction. Expected to be completed later this year. It will have seven satellites and four are already in orbit.
Indian Regional Satellite Satellite System (IRNSS) includes India and its vicinity, extending up to 1,500 km. Its seven satellites are currently in orbit, but were first removed from operation after all rubidium atomic clocks on board failed in 2017.